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安芷生 研究员 硕士,博士生导师 中国科学院院士

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b\A3UM%o]l0安芷生研究员,男,汉族,1941年出生,安徽六安人,硕士博士生导师。1962年南京大学地质系毕业。1966年中国科学院地质所、地球化学研究所研究生毕业。从事全球环境变化,大气颗粒物污染控制,第四纪地质与全球变化。

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WcV;l)s%r)_[$[01991年当选为中国科学院院士。曾任中国科学院西安分院院长,陕西省科学院院长,黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室主任,中国科学院地球环境研究所所长。兼任中国第四纪研究委员会副主任,国际第四纪联合会副主席,国际地圈生物圈计划副主席等。同时兼任南京大学、复旦大学、中国科技大学、交通大学、西北大学、陕西师范大学兼职教授, "Quaternary Science Reviews"编委,陕西省生态学会会长,陕西省科协副主席,陕西省"山川秀美"领导小组成员专家组组长、西安市环境顾问
wU Sx%^ D)MF0  在第四纪地质和过去全球变化方面,他以黄土及有关第四纪沉积物为主要对象,系统地研究了中国黄土的堆积、演化及其与古气候、古环境的关系,并与全球气候变化联系起来;率先将第四纪磁性地层学引入我国,最早指出我国240万年前的重大地质气候事件,测定了蓝田猿人和澳洲沙漠化年代;与刘东生院士一起将中国黄土与深海沉积序列进行了成功的对比,重建了黄土高原的气候历史;提出了黄土堆积演化模式及其与环境演变的关系;由他所领导的研究集体,系统的提出了控制中国古环境变化的东亚古季风理论,建立了最近240万年、13万年和最近2万年以来中国古环境变化序列,重建了最近2万年以来中国环境变化图景,并对古季风变迁机制进行了系统讨论;提出了末次冰期和间冰期冬季风气候的不稳定性和突发事件的证据和规律,开展了南北半球古气候对比的研究,并获国际承认。曾应邀多次在国际科联和全球变化研究国际学术大会上作报告。水利人物7n:k-v8}X T(ufp*V
       在"Nature"、"Science"、"Geology"、"Quaternary Research"、"Quaternary Science Review"等国外杂志上发表100余篇文章,在国内"中国科学"、"科学通报"等杂志上发表文章80余篇,2005年安芷生论文引用率在全国地学研究中排名第一名, 在全世界Geo-Science领域排名第九。。合著《黄土与环境》一书,是主要执笔者之一;为建立一个新型的地球环境研究中心作出了重要贡献。分别获国家自然科学二等奖、三等奖、中国科学院自然科学奖一等奖、陕西省科技进步一等奖等科技奖励多次。
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JpV-eIz5i r0 · 2008年度陈嘉庚科学奖   2008-12-24
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jx,is%G"l!r0 · 2008年度国家自然科学奖二等奖   2008-12-24水利人物h+v G'OD8V
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 · 1999年度陕西省科技进步一等奖   2007-10-24水利人物%C)Xo-osyY.QB.B
 
-r$qaP3y/a0 · Annual temperatures during the last 2485 years in the mid-eastern Tibetan Plateau inferred from tree rings   2009-3-31
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 · 2002年度陕西省科技进步一等奖   2007-11-13
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安芷生. 尚未完成的地质年代表—— 第四纪悬而未决的前程.   地层学杂志|2005
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3w@r[;jc$?0[3m9?5x0An Zhisheng,et al.. Multiple expansions of C4 plant biomass in East Asia since 7 Ma coupled with strengthened monsoon circulation.   Geology|2005
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{}3} R&{ c8S0An Zhisheng,et al.. Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya-Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times.   NATURE|2001
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An Zhisheng. The history and variability of the East Asian paleomonsoon climate.   Quaternary Science Reviews|2000
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An Zhisheng. Asynchronous Holocene optimum of the East Asian monsoon.   Quaternary Science Reviews|2000
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XIAN Feng,AN ZhiSheng,WU ZhenKun, J. Warren BECK, YU HuaGui, KANG ZhiHai, CHENG Peng . A simple model for reconstructing geomagnetic field intensity with 10Be production rate and its application in Loess studies.   Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences 51(6):855-861|2008
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aWvH(R0鲜锋,安芷生,武振坤,余华贵, 康志海, 程鹏 . 10Be产率-地磁场转换方程的建立及其在黄土研究中的应用.   中国科学D辑:地球科学 38(4):463-470|2008水利人物'Q[\T u$DNFvyP
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,AI`G0m/Q y-H0刘禹,安芷生,Ma Haizhou . Precipitation variation in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau recorded by the tree rings since 850 AD and its relevance to the Northern Hemisphere temperature.   Science in China (D)|2006
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刘禹,安芷生,马海州 . 青海都兰地区公元850年以来树轮记录的降水变化及其与北半球气温的联系.   中国科学(D)|2006
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Stephen C. Porter,An Zhisheng . Episodic gullying and paleomonsoon cycles on the Chinese Loess Plateau.   Quaternary Research|2005水利人物)r%ABrYP`
 
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T. D. Jickells,安芷生,K. K. Andersen,3 A. R. Baker,1 G. Bergametti,4 N. Brooks,1 J. J. Cao,2 P. W. Boyd,5R. A. Duce,7 K. A. Hunter,6 H. Kawahata,8 N. Kubilay,9 J. laRoche,10 P. S. Liss,1N. Mahowald,11 J. M. Prospero,12 A. J. Ridgwell,13 I. Tegen,14* R. Torres15 . Global Iron Connections Between Desert Dust, Ocean Biogeochemistry, and Climate.   Science|2005
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(Xi4r u l5O:i3@0Sun, Y.B.,Z.S. An . Late Pliocene-Pleistocene changes in mass accumulation rates of eolian deposits on the central Chinese Loess Plateau.   Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 110, D23101.|2005
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Sun, Y.B.,Z.S. An . An improved comparison of Chinese loess with deep-sea delta O-18 record over the interval 1.6-2.6 Ma.   Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L13210.|2004
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"V e!_2f$I7cC0Liu,Weiguo,An,Zisheng,Zhou,Weijian . Carbon isotope and C/N ratios of suspended matter in rivers: an indicator of seasonal change in C4/C3 vegetation.   Applied Geochemistry 18: 1241-1249.|2003水利人物l[,NR6N] bgA @
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H9{Z.SR WH P7}"T0Sun, Y.B.,An, Z.S. . History and variability of Asian interior aridity recorded by eolian flux in the Chinese Loess Plateau during the past 7 Ma.   Science in China(Earth Sciences), 45(5), 420-429|2002水利人物I)~ Q_R
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4e)yD(e1Qq4ra0陈 骏,安芷生 . 最近2.5 Ma 以来黄土高原风尘化学组成的变化与亚洲内陆的化学风化.   中国科学, D辑|2001
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j F oyx {Y1@2[0CHEN Jun,安芷生 . Variations in chemical compositions of the eolian dust in Chinese Loess Plateau over the past 2.5 Ma and chemical weathering in the Asian inland.   Science in China(Earth Sciences)|2001水利人物C5wW#]u'Hu$],nl
 
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r ^5a'k3qQ0Jun Chen, Junfeng Ji, and Yang Chen,安芷生 . Use of Rubidium to Date Loess and Paleosols of the Louchan Sequence, Central China.   QUATERNARY RESEARCH|2000
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Zhou Weijian,An Zhisheng,A.J.T Jull,D.J. Donahue,M.J. Head . Reappraisal of Chinese loess plateau stratigraphic sequences over the last 30,000 years: precursors of an important holocene monsoon climatic event.   Radiocarbon 40(2): 905-913|1998
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Zhou Weijian,An Zhisheng,S. C. Porter,D. Donahue,A.J.T.Jull . Correlation of climatic events between East Asia and Norwegian Sea during last deglaciation.   Science In China(Series D) 40(5): 496-501|1997
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周卫健,安芷生,S. C. Porter,D. Donahue,A.J.T.Jull . 末次冰消期东亚和挪威海气候事件的对比.   中国科学(D辑) 27(3): 260-264|1997水利人物.jX:Gc"SX
 
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Jef Vandenberghe,安芷生 . New absolute time scale for the Quaternary climate in the Chinese loess region by grain-size analysis.   Geology|1997
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"yD#_,i3^g0Weijian Zhou,Zhisheng An . Discussion on the Reliability of 14C Dating of Pollen Concentrates from Loess-Paleosol Sequences By Accelerator Mass Spectrometry.   Radiocarbon 38(1): 132|1996水利人物8kM3s/]5WQ#Z1k yN-GL
 
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!W_c:Eq(x2I0Weijian Zhou,Zhisheng An,D. J. Donahua,A. J. T. Jull . Climatic teleconnection between east Asia and the Norwegian sea during the late glaciation.   Radiocarbon 38(1): 133|1996
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o h^Ajv)W0Weijian Zhou,Zhisheng An,M. J. Head . Stratigraphic division of Holocene loess in China.   Radiocarbon 36(1): 37-45|1994水利人物#Y,|:Nq|4SW
 
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Weijian Zhou,Zhisheng An,Benhai Lin,Jule Xiao,Jingzhao Zhang,Jun Xie,Mingfu Zhou . Chronology of the Baxie loess profile and the history of monsoon climates in China between 17,000 and 6000 years BP.   RADIOCARBON 34,(3): 818-825|1992水利人物'C]R;r*Hv_
 
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$m.d.Y-`6N E0刘禹,安芷生, . 青藏高原中东部过去2485年以来温度变化的树轮记录.   |
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$K k6v'Y7i"k4_0张冉,刘晓东,安芷生 . 青藏高原古高度重建方法研究进展.   海洋地质与第四纪地质|2008
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Ning Youfeng,Liu Weiguo,An Zhisheng . A 130-ka reconstruction of precipitation on the Chinese Loess Plateau from organic carbon isotopes.   Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 270, 59-63|2008
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!qwg's4^at8r0Han Yongmin,Cao Junji,An Zhisheng, . Evaluation of the thermal/optical reflectance method for quantification of elemental carbon in sediments.   Chemosphere|2007
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1J9c+OyR'\9D H0Ning,Youfeng,Liu,Weiguo,An,Zhisheng . Variation of soil Δδ13C values in Xifeng loess-paleosol sequence and its paleoenvironmental implication.   Chinese Science Bulletin 51(11): 1350-1354.|2006水利人物,Ia.szjT~g
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t6g\&rop0宁有丰,刘卫国,安芷生 . 甘肃西峰黄土-古土壤剖面的碳酸盐与有机碳的碳同位素差值(△δ^13C)的变化及其古环境意义.   科学通报 51(15): 1828-1832|2006
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张玲,孙镇城,安芷生,刘卫国,李祥忠 . 青海湖地区不同水体介形类分布特征的初步研究.   微体古生物学报 23(4): 425-436|2006水利人物3aQ |)m`y7t}
 
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4m,yb2wv']0N.E$D7{0Sun, Y.B.,H.Y. Lu,Z.S. An . Grain size of loess, palaeosol and Red Clay deposits on the Chinese Loess Plateau: Significance for understanding pedogenic alteration and palaeomonsoon evolution.   Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 241(1), 129-138.|2006水利人物Rlu]%vE%f(\;^
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Sun, Y.B.,S.C. Clemens,Z.S. An,Z.W. Yu . Astronomical timescale and palaeoclimatic implication of stacked 3.6-Myr monsoon records from the Chinese Loess Plateau.   Quaternary Science Reviews, 25(1-2), 33-48.|2006水利人物$T5y5q3B;nvZ
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1S"h,_y+cRJ2U0Liu, W. G.,Liu, W. G.,An, Z. S.,Clemens, S. C.,Li, L.Prell, W. L.,Ning, Y. F. . Summer monsoon intensity controls C-4/C-3 plant abundance during the last 35 ka in the Chinese Loess Plateau: Carbon isotope evidence from bulk organic matter and individual leaf waxes.   Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 220(3-4): 243-254.|2005
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Liu, W. G,Ning, Y. F.,An, Z. S.,Wu, Z. H.,Lu, H. Y.,Cao, Y. N. . Carbon isotopic composition of modern soil and paleosol as a response to vegetation change on the Chinese Loess Plateau..   Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences 48(1): 93-99.|2005
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"|]2G;m zd}@y z0宁有丰,刘卫国,安芷生 . 植物-土壤有机质转化过程中的碳同位素组成变化.   地球学报 26(增刊): 236.|2005
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刘卫国,宁有丰,安芷生,吴振海,鹿化煜,曹蕴宁 . 黄土高原现代土壤和古土壤有机碳同位素对植被的响应.   中国科学(D辑) 32(10): 830-836|2002水利人物?M(pZ7l&usih
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A t\.^:x#g+mhr0Weijian Zhou,M.J.Head,Zhisheng An . Terrestrial evidence for a spatial structure of tropical-polar interconnections during the Younger Dryas episode.   Earth and Planetary Science Letters 191: 231-239.|2001
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w*kX4e+a)AY0Sun, Y.B.,Lu, H.Y.,An, Z.S. . Grain size distribution of quartz isolated from Chinese loess/paleosol.   Chinese Science Bulletin, 45(24), 2296-2998|2000
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1_ T|u1w@S0Weiguo Liu,Zhonghui Liu,Mingyi Fu,Zhisheng An . Distribution of the C37 tetra-unsaturated alkenone in Lake Qinghai, China: A potential lake salinity indicator.   Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72(3):988-997|2008
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J3X(N3j;s/f0付明义,刘卫国,李祥忠,徐黎明, 王政, 安芷生 . 青海湖及柴达木盆地地区现代湖泊沉积物中长链烯酮的分布特征.   湖泊科学03|2008水利人物p"W"w g$F
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王宁,刘卫国,徐黎明,安芷生 . 青藏高原现代湖泊沉积物碳酸盐矿物氧同位素组成特征及影响因素.   第四纪研究(04)|2008
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u+q\$a/{4S+O0Liu,Weiguo,Yang,Hong,Ning,Youfeng,An,Zhisheng . Contribution of inherent organic carbon to the bulk d13C Background signals in organic carbon isotope of loess sediments on arid Western Chinese Loess Plateau.   Organic Geochemistry 38(9): 1571-1579.|2007水利人物$C:G_&[]9CH
 
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Liu Weiguo,An Zhisheng . Contribution of inherent organic carbon to the bulk δ13C signal in loess deposits from the arid western Chinese Loess Plateau.   Organic Geochemistry, 38(9), 1571-1579|2007
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Weijian Zhou,Alfred Priller,J Warren Beck,Wu Zhengkun,Chen Maobai,An Zhisheng,Walter Kutschera,Xian Feng,Yu Huagui,Liu Lin . Disentangling geomagnetic and precipitation signals in an 80-kyr Chinese loess record of 10Be.   Radiocarbon, 49(1), 139–160|2007水利人物M!w `v fhx7T4d
 
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徐海,艾莉,谭亮成,安芷生 . Stable isotopes in bulk carbonates and organic matter in recent sediments of Lake Qinghai and their climatic implications.   Chemical Geology|2006水利人物|Q(hz9C8i8Ov
 
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9F,NO6T#CK1Ln0徐海,艾莉,谭亮成,安芷生 . Geochronology of a surface core in the northern basin of Lake Qinghai: Evidence from 210Pb and 137Cs radionuclides.   CHINESE JOURNAL OF GEOCHEMISTRY|2006水利人物A3Wj G*p%E j
 
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Liu,Weiguo,Feng,Xiahong,Ning,Youfeng,Zhang,Qingle,Cao,Yunning,An,Zhisheng . δ13C variation of individual C3 and C4 grasses species along an Asian monsoon rainfall gradient in northwestern China.   Global Change Biology(11): 1094-1100|2005
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5v,k*B%y s*Suh0Liu, Weiguo,Yang, Hong,Cao, Yunning,Ning, Youfeng,Li, Li,Zhou, Jie,An, Zhisheng . Did an extensive forest ever develop on the Chinese Loess Plateau during the past 130 ka?: a test using soil carbon isotopic signatures.   Applied Geochemistry 20(3): 519-527|2005水利人物 ADUz_$V6y9N
 
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Weiguo Liu,Xiahong Feng,Yu Liu,Qingle Zhang,Zhisheng An . [delta]18O values of tree rings as a proxy of monsoon precipitation in arid Northwest China.   Chemical Geology 206(1-2): 73-80.|2004水利人物K.o$\;r ]0H"`
 
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O{"H"B-t t9P'oV0刘卫国,彭子成,肖应凯,宁有丰,安芷生 . 负热电离质谱法测定黄土钙结核酸溶相硼同位素.   海洋地质与第四纪地质 22(3): 109-112|2002
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M5j ~T`;@7r8}'v0Liu, W. G.,Xiao, Y. K.,Peng, Z. C.,An, Z. S.,He, X. X. . Boron concentration and isotopic composition of halite from experiments and salt lakes in the Qaidam Basin.   Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(13): 2177-2183|2000水利人物+X7k.h!a`]$T6@Z
 
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刘卫国,彭子成,肖应凯,王兆荣,聂宝符,安芷生 . 南海珊瑚礁硼同位素组成及其环境意义.   地球化学 28(6): 534-541|1999
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