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陈宜瑜 院士/研究员

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男,1944年4月出生,博士导师国家自然科学基金委员会主任,主要研究方向为系统进化与生物地理学。1964年毕业于厦门大学。长期从事鱼类学、系统学和动物地理学的研究,曾多次参加青藏高原和横断山等地区综合考察。对鲤科和平鳍鳅科鱼类进行过系统的分类研究,发现了5个新属29个新科。对鲤亚目科间和平鳍鳅科科下类群提出了新的分类系统,并被国内外同行所引用。他强调生物迸化与地球进化的同步性,通过对裂腹鱼类的起源和演化的分析,探讨了青藏高原隆起的时代、幅度和形式。在对泸沽湖和程海鱼类区系调查的基础上,提出了可用于解释云贵高原某些湖泊区系起源的同域成种的进化模式,及边域快速成种的实例。在研究水生生物资源保护对策的同时开展了洪湖水体生物生产力综合开发及湖泊优化的研究,取得了明显的经济效益、社会效益和环境效益。曾多次获得国家自然科学二等奖和中国科学院自然科学与科技进步奖,发表专著近10部,论文80多篇。1991年当选为中国科学院院士水利人物L;^9\AIy0X9vM

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  Chen Yiyu, Professor, Born in April 22,1944.He has been engaged in studies on systematic taxonomy of freshwater fish over a long period of time. His studies of systematic taxonomy on Homalopteridae, Psilorhynchidae, Danionae, Gobioninae, Gobiobotinae, etc., have clarified confusion in the division of sub-families and classification of genus and species, and have offered basic information for fish research which is used by ichthyologists at home and abroad. In research on phylogeny of suborder Cyprinoidei, he was the first in China to apply the theory of cladistics which has been newly developed in the world to study the phylogentic relationship and speciation of animals, putting forward a new view point of the taxonomic system on this biggest group among freshwater fishes in the world. In studies on zoogeography of fishes, he used the relationship between the evolution of schizothoracine fishes and environmental changes of the plateau to explain the geological history of plateau upheaval, offering important evidence on the development history of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau. He completed the task of comprehensive investigations of the aquatic organisms in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. “Comprehensive Scientific Investigations of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau" received a first prize of the National Natural Science Awards and a special award of the Science and Technology Advancement Awards of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Monograph of the Chinese Cyprindae (collaborated with other authors) received a second prize of the National Natural Science Awards. “On the Phylogeny of Fishes of Suborder Cyprinoidei" earned a second award of the Science and Technology Advancement Awards of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.“The Strategic Thinking in Developing Biological Productivity of Water Bodies in Hubei Province" earned a third Prize of Science and Technology Advancement Awards of Hubei Province.水利人物5hEI:xQ'j?
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